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Yet sadness, stress, loneliness, or poor health causes ones EF performance to be worse and works against efforts to improve EFs or academic outcomes. Conversely, EFs are better when one feels emotionally and socially nourished and healthy. To test that hypothesis, Diamond again turned to work in both humans and animals. Fast mapping of multiple words: Insights into when “the information provided” does and does not equal “the information perceived.” , 739-762. Diamonds team studied children and animal models, combining neurochemical and behavioral work in animals --creating the first animal model of treated PKU along the way -- with longitudinal testing of an extensive battery of neurocognitive tasks in infants and children. Diamonds team had found converging evidence from two very different domains, vision and cognition, in support of her hypothesis about the mechanism causing cognitive deficits in PKU children when their Phe levels were maintained at what had been thought to be safe levels (3-5 times normal; 360-600 μmol/L). PFC cognitive deficits were closely related to childrens levels of Phe. The deficit in contrast sensitivity was closely related to what the childrens Phe levels had been during the first month of life. doi:10.1016/j.appdev.20 (abstract) (pdf) Kirkham, N. One goal of the lab is to examine fundamental questions about how PFC and EFs are influenced by biological factors (such as genes and neurochemistry) and by environmental factors (including detrimental influences such as poverty or stress and facilitative ones such as interventions). State University Annual Research Day, Psychiatry Dept., UBC Medical School, Vancouver, BC Other invited talks: in Invited Symposium on "The Prefrontal Cortex and Cognition: New Insights into Willful Behavior," American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Annual Meeting, Boston, MA at International Mtg on "PKU: Brain-Behavior Sequelae," Amsterdam, Netherlands at International Meeting of Developmental Neurology, on "The Clumsy Child - Aetiology, Pathophysiology and Treatment," Groningen, Netherlands Member, ‘Faculty of 1000’: In the Faculty of 1000, the field of biology is divided into 17 Faculties with the aim of organizing & evaluating the life sciences literature. Faculty headed by Martin Raff, Chuck Stevens, Bill Newsome, & Carla Shatz Invited Speaker at: Invited Symposium on "Use of Imaging Techniques in Developmental Research," International Society for Psychobiology Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA The Developing Child: Brain and Behavior Symposium Series co-sponsored by the Erikson Institute and the University of Chicago, Chicago, IL "Nelson Butters' West Coast Neuropsychology Conference," San Diego, CA Intercampus Neuroscience Symposium, University of Massachusetts, Worcester, MA Foundations of Human Knowledge Acquisition: New Evidence from Infant Researchand Neuroscience, Hanse Institute, Delmenhorst, Germany Invited NIDA Symposium on Neurotransmitters in Brain & Behavioral Development, Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Meeting, Minneapolis, MN Invited Symposium on the Development and Organization of Prefrontal Function, Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Meeting, Minneapolis, MN Invited Instructor, Cold Spring Harbor summer course on Developmental Cognitive Neurosci. Groupe d’Action en Neuropsychologie Développementale (Gr AND), Quebec City, QC. For example, the lab examines ways in which unusual properties of the PFC dopamine system contribute to the exceptional sensitivity and vulnerability of PFC and EFs to environmental and genetic variations that have little effect elsewhere in the brain, and how at least some of these effects are different in men and women. Long-lasting, selective visual deficits from short-term exposure to high neonatal phenylalanine levels in humans. (abstract) (pdf) Albert, M., Diamond, A., Fitch, H., Neville, H., Rapp, P., and Tallal, P. Keynote Addresses at: Annual Retreat, Zlotowski Center for Neurosci., Ben Gurion Univ., Beer Sheva, Israel Pediatric Neuroimaging and Drugs," NIDA Meeting, Bethesda, MD Biennial Congress of the German Psychological Association, Jena, Germany ZERO TO THREE Leadership Development Initiative, New Orleans, LA Invited Speaker at: The Frontal Lobes 2000, Rotman Research Inst. to Childrens Cognitive and Social Behavior, Phila., PA Invited Instructor, Mc Donnell Summer Institute in Cognitive Neuroscience, Hanover, NH Presented the Master Lecture on Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience at the Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Meeting, Indianapolis, IN "A Master Lecture is intended as a sort of tutorial in a particular field.... She is a member of the Royal Society of Canada and was recently recognized as one the 15 most influential neuroscientists alive today. Diamond is at the forefront of research on executive functions and on the brains prefrontal cortex on which they depend. of Education, Costa Mesa, CA' from the American Psychological Association. Invited 3-hour Keynote Address, Continuing Education Program on The Contribution of Executive Functions to Communication, Language and Learning among Children at Preschool and School-age, Tel-Aviv University, Israel.. Executive functions include 'thinking outside the box' (cognitive flexibility), mentally relating ideas and facts (working memory), and giving considered responses rather than impulsive ones, resisting temptations and staying focused (inhibitory control, including selective attention). Her many awards include an honorary doctorate () from Ben-Gurion University, the Bronfenbrenner Award for Lifetime Contributions to Developmental Psychology in the Service of Science and Society, named a Woman of Distinction by the YWCA, and named one of the 2000 Outstanding Women of the 20th Century. Diamonds lab integrates developmental, cognitive science, neuroscience, and molecular genetic methods to study prefrontal cortex (PFC) and the most complex cognitive abilities ('executive functions' [EFs]) that rely on PFC and interrelated brain regions. The Bronfenbrenner Award is given to an individual whose work has, over a lifetime career, contributed not only to the science of developmental psychology, but who has also worked to apply developmental psychology to society.
Our hypothesis is that besides training the skill(s) of interest, its important to support those skills by lessening things that impair them and enhancing things that support them. Human brain development: Perception, attention, and memory. (abstract) (pdf) Zagreda, L., Goodman, J., Druin, D. We expect to show that focusing exclusively on training cognition might not be the best way to improve cognition; emotional and social factors might be key to whether cognition improves.